In this era of technologies, genetic evolution creates hullabaloo. This is promulgating dissension for more than two decades between the supporters and dissidents. The dissidents are concerned that use of such pesticides will have an adverse effect on both environment and mankind.
While Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) can perk agricultural productions, it also has downsides. In accordance to dissidents, if the GMO continues to produce profusely, soon large Corporations will make the farmers their puppets and steer their lives.
Although supporters postulate ‘Genetic Engineering’ can make agriculture viable, it still remains a contradictory subject to many. Supporters relies on that genetic engineering can boost the production of plants.
Pamela Ronald, the Professor of Plant Pathology at UC Davis as well as Director of Grass Genetics at the Joint Bioenergy Institute brings forward this issue through a video where she confirms the usage of such pesticides is not detrimental.
Her research narrows down to Bangladesh where Genetically Modified Crops (GMC) takes stand recently.
Out of various countries, Bangladesh is a country which predominantly depends on its arable land for earning their dime. Bangladesh stands at the second rank for copious production of vegetable in Asia. These vegetables are sold only on the homeland. Taking into account, the insolvent conditions of majority farmers residing in Bangladesh, there is a requirement to use chemical pesticides twice or thrice in a week.
On contrary, World Health Organization (WHO) proclaims an annual population death tolls of 300,000 due to overuse of such pesticides in underdeveloped nations because these people are an ignoramus about the preventives.
The initiatives taken by Bangladeshi farmers and Scientists from Cornell University is to sprinkle organic pesticides known as ‘Bt’ on crops. Thus, eradicating toxins caused by insect infections as Bt contains comparatively lesser toxic than table salt.
Perhaps, in context of Bangladesh, it was not the ultimate solution, because 'Bt' is limited and high-priced. Indeed, it doesn’t prevent the insects from getting inside the plant. Thereby, Bangladeshi Scientist conducts an experiment on eggplants by taking the gene from the bacteria and infusing right into the eggplant. Surprisingly, it does wonders! For past 3 years, farmers who are growing these eggplants minimized their pesticides even down till zero usage.
Scientists and farmers believe this newly introduced method will resolve all the drawbacks in the coming future.