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ENERGY OBSERVER - THE ZERO EMISSION BOAT

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ENERGY OBSERVER - THE ZERO EMISSION BOAT

Explorers Victorien Erussard and Jérôme Delafosse are all set to venture all around the globe on a boat to experiment the renewable fuel based water-run vehicle. The boat will take approximately six years to travel around 50 different countries including 101 ports at an estimated cost of €4 million (£3.42 million) per year.

Environmentalist Nicolas Hulot says, "This boat will demonstrate that there are many solutions for the energetic transition.” The boat was designed in 1983 under the supervision of Mike Birch. The successful sailing of the boat in the race won it the Jules Verne Trophy in 1994.  

In May 2017, it is known that ex-racing catamaran can produce hydrogen from a distance of 130 square meters of solar panel. 80 meter long and 50 square meter surface area intelligent traction kite which pulls the boat using fierce gale helps in producing electricity through the reversible electric motors. The boat is comprised of two vertical wind turbines that will produce only 1/10th of the power needed for the boat and will also generate 3kwh of energy.

Mark Z. Jacobson believes that by 2050 there is a possibility of 100 percent renewable energy conversion and also suggests that transportation is converted into a fusion of battery-electric transport and hydrogen fuel cell-battery electric hybrid transport.

Hydrogen is known to have lightest molecular weight. Thus, it is compressed till 350 bars and stored in eight tanks having the capacity to hold 60kg of hydrogen. When it is fed into a proton exchange membrane, electricity production from hydrogen along with water vapor release as output will be obtained. The electricity is then utilized to power the batteries so as to run the two electric motors for propulsion. Approximately, 3½ kg of hydrogen is required to charge the boat for an hour at least. 

“We can use this technology in any places such as: hotels, houses, cars. The concept is to be less dependent on the network,” Delafosse says. “In addition, it elevates how quickly transitions can occur: as it did in London at the turn of the last century with moving from horses to cars, it will happen with renewable energy.”


 

July 12, 2017
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